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The ‘Mona Lisa’ is Isabella Aragon Sforza, former Princess of Naples, and then later the Duchess of Milan and Bari


The modern consensus clings to the traditional belief that Leonardo da Vinci’s ‘Mona Lisa’ in the Louvre Museum is Lisa Gherardini, the wife of the wealthy Florentine merchant, Francesco del Giocondo. However, this opinion is based on incorrect interpretations of limited historical information and manipulated or ignored contradictions rather than on any concrete evidence. Leonardo da Vinci’s ‘Mona Lisa’ is a tribute to and an idealized representation of the widow Isabella of Aragon and not Lisa Gherardini, wife of del Giocondo. Read or download for free Jerzy Kulski’s article, ‘The "Mona Lisa" Portrait: Leonardo’s Personal and Political Tribute to Isabella Aragon Sforza, the Duchess of Milan’ at:

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